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47 Bios: Eve Oury, 1849: Hannahstown, Westmoreland County, PA
Contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Starlene Oary.
If Hanna's Town can lay claim to having a heroine, that heroine is Eve Oury. Eve belonged to the Francis Oury family of Hempfield, later Salem Township. Her brothers, Adam and George, both saw Revolutionary war Service in the 8th PA. Adam also went on the Lochry Expedition of 1781 against the Indians of the Ohio country which resulted in his captivity.
The Francis Oury family migrated to western Pennsylvania from Cumberland County, PA., ca. 1769 after the Treaty Of Fort Stanwyx in 1768. The children were named Adam, George, Catherine, Christina, Mary, Elizabeth, Eve, John, Martha, Esther, Francis, and Jacob. (1)
In May of 1782, the father and his youngest son Jacob, were killed by the Indians. Two other sons, John and Francis, were captured and the farm burned. John and Francis later returned and John spent the rest of his life under the care of his brother Adam, having never recovered fully from injuries suffered while running the gauntlet. (2)
Eve Oury and her family were probably living in Hanna's Town at the time of the raid since the farm had been burned in the May attack. Eve took an active part in the defense of the fort and was, in 1838 and 1846, awarded money and an annuity by the Pennsylvania General Assembly for her wartime services. (3) Eve Oury's pension application of 1846 was made when she was 89 years old. In it, she describes the July 13, 1782 attack on the town and also makes reference to an attack in 1778. As yet, research has not verified an attack in that year. (4)
Eve Oury died in Shieldsburg in 1848. She is buried in Congruitiy Cemetery, Westmoreland County. Although she is not recorded as being married, she willed her property to her daughter, Ann Crissy. The DAR, in September of 1940, placed a stone and plaque in memory of Eve at the Congruity Cemetery.
Eve bought her land from John Shields 2 entries Vo.14, pg 146, Oct. 31, 1820, Shieldsburg, PA.
Eve can be found in the tax records from 1822 thru 1848 the last listing in 1849 says dead.
The Following is an Affidavit made by EVE OURY December 4, 1846 at Westmoreland Co. PA.
To the honorable the Senate and House of Representative of the United States of America in Congress This petition of Eve Oury of Westmoreland Co. in the State of PA. respectfully represents that she is a native of Pennsylvania and that she resided during the revolutionary war in the vicinity of old Hannahstown in said County. This place called Hannahstown was a military station during the revolutionary war in which place there was a fort erected and a number of the drafted military and volunteers were stationed for the protection of the inhabitants living in that region of country. To this fort the inhabitants would flee during the frequent and sudden alarms of the enemy. Your petitioner at this time was living with her father, on his plantation. about two and a half miles from Hannahstown which was then the county set of Westmoreland.
About three months previous to the burning of Hannahstown, her father was killed on his plantation by the indians and also her youngest brother Jacob was killed on the same day and her two other brothers John and Francis were taken prisoner and were carried off by the indians.
Your petitioner with the residue of the family then fled into Hannahstown for safety and protection-after which her fathers property which had been destroyed by the indians and Tories was appraised by the constituted authorities and the damages were estimated at six hundred pounds sterling. These sad events took place as near as she can now remember in the summer of 1778 ( my note: this date should of been 1782 for the death of her father and brother) during which year the indians, instigated by the British and Tories, had committed in various parts of the county many revolting deeds of horror, murder and devastation. In the month of July in the same year, there was a court convened at Hannahstown which adjourned on Friday. During the same day, the inhabitants of the town were nearly all out engaged in their harvest fields and about 3:00 in the afternoon , when no danger was apprehended a large body of indians said to be three hundred exclusive of Tories and British making terrific yells, commenced a furious and sudden attack on the town, and after butchering a number of defenseless women and children who had no time or chance to flee from danger and death, and after shooting down great numbers of cattle and destroying everything in their way, then set fires to the town and laid it in ashes, the fort being only saved through great exertions. In this conflagration, your petitioner and family lost all they possessed except their every day clothing. During the engagement Mr. Hannah, being greatly terrified proposed to have the fort and those in it surrendered, for says he, to use his own language "WELL BE ALL KILLED". Your petitioner opposed this resolution with all her might and advice and declared that they "WOULD NOT GIVE UP". At about this time Major Wilson, the commanding officer who heard the firing and who had miraculously escaped death, having his clothes perorated with bullets shot form the enemy, was seen advancing to the fort with full speed on horseback, at this junction your petitioner sprang forward to open the gate for his admission but she was with force thrown back the gate however was opened and the major enter in safety, but his horse was killed before the gate. At the time the fort was attacked there were but a few old muskets and rifles in the fort. The major then took the command and inquired for powder and ammunition. A report was made that it was all consumed, however, after a diligent search, there was some powder found in the office which was then held in the fort. The inquiry was then made for lead, and none could be had. Your petitioner told one of the men. who's name was Adam Freeman, to make a fire and "we would soon make bullets".
Your petitioner then went and took whatever pewter articles came to hand which she and Freeman speedily ran into bullets, by means of which, the Indians were kept at a distance, the fort preserved and the people in it saved from a horrid butchery. Your petitioner, *after the enemy had retired, attended to dressing the wounds of those who had been injured, and contributed all she could to their distressed situation.
Your petitioner then volunteered to do all she could to save the fort and the people left in it from future attacks. She was constantly doing duty of one kind or other and keeping everything in their proper places, so far as her judgement dictated and officers requested. Capt. Samuel Miller, Major Wilson, Col. McCoy, Capt. Clark, were more or less engaged in restoring security to the inhabitants, with which officers she served in her capacity as an attendant at and about the fort, and from whom she received her orders and directions as occasion required from time to time. Col. McCoy died in the service, Captain Miller was Killed by the Indians. The inhabitants of Hannahstown were constantly agitated for several months after the cruel and unexpected blow had been struck by the enemy. Your petitioner was engaged as sentinel to give the alarm whilst the men were in the fields or on other duties and she contributed all she was able to defend herself and those stationed at the fort. Although she did not turn out and pursue the enemy with arms in her hand, yet she assisted to guard what was stored in the fort and rendered herself useful in and about said fort for at least six months and upwards. This she well remembers, for the inhabitants were not relieved from their terrible agetations and dangers till late in the ensuing fall and winter. Your petitioner does not at present know there is any living witness to whom she can prove the abouve mentioned services or any part thereof, She is now eighty nine years of age. Owning too her great age and consequent loss of memory she can not bring to her mind the many fearfull events that transpired during these perilous times. One of my Brothers, Adam Oury served in the revolutionary war under the command of General Daniel Broadhead. At one time Whilst on a tour of duty he came home on a furlough. Subsequent to the war of the revolution he served under General H. Clair in his expedition against the Indians during the disastrous battle fought under General H. Clair he assisted in carrying his own wounded Captain from the battle ground, in which he was severely wounded himself. After peace was restored her two brothers John and Frank who were taken prisoner by the Indians were returned. Her fathers name was Francis. His farm was situated within three miles of Hannahstown fort. The Property destroyed by the enemy by fire and sword amounted to six hundred pounds as before stated among which was six valuable Morgan horses, twelve milk cows and other stock and a great amount of other personal estate. After the destruction of Hannahstown General Broadhead brought guns and ammunition to the fort in a wagon and one of my brothers drove the wagon. One David Shaw assisted in the transportation load. Butler raised the first Company in Hannahstown. He was then a Capt. and my brother Adam enlisted with him and was marched to the defense of New York. My father served as a Capt. of Pack Horses with General Braddock's army. Your petitioner remembers what great numbers were killed in Braddock's expedition. That she saw herself fifthteen men that were surprised and killed in one night by Indians during this war. Your petitioner has thus given you a statement of her revolutionary services and the loss which she sustained during said revolutionary war. As your petitioner is the only surviving child and only heir at law of her deceased father, Frances Oury, who fell a sacrifice to a cruel and barbarous foe, she prays that congress will view her services in their appropriate light and grant her some remuneration as well for her revolutionary services as also for the destruction of her fathers property by the invading foe, and your aged petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray.
Eve x Oury
NOTE: There are 4 sworn , signed, statements by Samuel Morehead, Benjamin Halk, James McCallister, and John Bigham stating that they are personally acquainted with Eve Oury and attesting to her honesty and their belief, and the area residents belief, in her services during the revolutionary war and the fact that she was instrumental in saving the fort at Hannahstown.
The following is an affidavit made by GEORGE MILLER on Dec. 12th, 1846 at Westmoreland Co. State of PA.
Personally appeared before me the undersigned A Justice of The Peace in and for said county George Miller who being duly sworn doth upon his solemn oath diposed and states that he is personally acquainted with Eve Oury the above named petitioner and knew her and her Father's family well during the revolutionary war. That this disponent resided near old Hannahstown above mentioned and was often called upon to serve as a guard at and about said fort. That her father lived not far from Hannastown. That he owned a valuable farm with valuable buildings there on well furnished. That in the summer of the year 1778 the indians killed the father of said Oury and one of her brothers. And burned killed and destroyed a large amount of property belonging to said Frances Oury, the father of Eve Oury the aforesaid. That this diponent knows that said property was appraised by the constituted authority and valued at six hundred pounds current money and upwards. This diponent also remembers of seeing said petitioner Eve Oury at said fort and that she was in and about said fort when it was attacked as above mentioned.
That she was considered by the Officers and men stationed at the fort as a very intrepid person and it was then supposed and always believed that she was instrumental in saving the fort and all in it from entire destruction. That she continued for a number of months in and about the fort doing duty as a watch or sentinel and various other duties required by the officers above mentioned with whom she served. She was ever considered very useful in the services she rendered. This diponent can not say how long she did serve, but he is positive from his own personal knowledge that she served not less than six months at and about said fort in what may be justly termed a military capacity, rendering very important services. This diponent is now eighty eight years of age, knew the Oury family well-that the said Eve Oury is the only child living and heir at law in fee to the said Frances Oury who's property to the amount of six hundred pounds was destroyed and himself and son Jacob killed by the indians. The indians were supposed to be instigated to these direful deeds by the Tories who hated him for his patriotism.
Sworn and subscribed the 12th day of Dec. A.D. 1846 before me James Rutlidge J.P.
NOTE: There then follows a statement by James Rutlidge attesting to the truthfulness of George Miller and stating that he is a reputed soldier of the revolution.
NOTE: There then follows a statement made by the Court of Common Pleas in Greensburg in the County of Westmoreland, State of Pennsylvania attesting to the signatures, legality, etc. of all the proceeding statements.
LAWS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNS.-PASSED AT THE SESSION OF 1846 - PG 210
AN ACT FOR THE RELIEF OF EVE OURY, FOR SERVICES RENDERED DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
Whereas, it appears from credible testimony, that Eve Oury, of Westmoreland County, during a tremendous attack upon Hannastown Fort, in said county, made by a large party of Indians and others, during the summer of 1778 signalized herself by the most heroic bravery, risking her life in the defence of the garrison, inspiring, by her fortitude and determination, her associates with courage, and performing the most active and efficient service in during away the assailing party, by which many were saved from a horrid butchery by the merciless and savage foe: And whereas, It is entirely proper that such noble behaviour in a female, should be gratefully remembered and rewarded: And whereas, The said Eve Oury is now old, infirm, and in necessitous circumstances, and has never received any compensation from the legislature of this state, therefore, Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Common wealth of Pens. in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the state treasurer by and he is hereby authorized and directed to pay to Eve Oury, of Westmoreland Co. or to her order, and annuity of forty dollars during life, payable half-yearly, to commence on the first day of January, 1846, and also to her order, the sum of forty dollars, as a gratuity, for her services in the Revolutionary War.
Approved - The first day of April, 1846
Laws Of PA. 1837-1838 pg. 80
No. 31 AN ACT
Section 3. The State Treasurer is herby authorized and required to pay to George Yerikes of Montgomery Co., and Simon Ruffner of Westmoreland Co., a gratuity of 40 dollars each, in full for their services in the Revolutionary War, and to Eve Oury of Westmoreland Co. a gratuity of $100 in full for her services during the Indian War, the foregoing gratuities and annuities to be paid in conformity with the existing laws.
Approved the 17, day of March 1838
DEDICATION SERVICES HELD AT CONGRUITY CEMETERY
Monday afternoon Sept. 16, marked the completion of a project of the historical Research Committee of the Pheobe Bayard Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution when a beautiful blue rock monument with bronze plate attached was dedicated to the memory of Eve Oury, in Congruity cemetery with appropriate and impressive ceremony.
49 cette secte existe toujours; elle est devenue une secte conservatrice classique, mais elle a un site internet excellent, avec une partie historique remarquable; adresse: http://www.cob-net.org/
50 source: http://sopa.worthyofpraise.org/miller/; on peut y lire:
History of the Lower Cumberland Congregation
The German Baptists were in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, shortly after the country was organized in 1750. Early records show that early German Baptist settlers included the families of John Brindle, Martin Brandt, Jacob Bricker, Jacob Cocklin, John Cocklin, Gideon Coover, Samuel Niesley, Jacob Strock, Jacob Miller, Daniel Mohler, Christian Mohler, and Leonard Wolfe. Most influential in the forming of this house congregation were the Mohler and Miller families. The growing congregation divided in 1836 to form the Upper Cumberland (Huntsdale / Newville) and Lower Cumberland (Mohlers / Millers) congregations. Moses and Joseph Miller decided to build a Meeting House along present Route 34 and south of Sterrets Gap. This route was also part of the “Underground Railroad” which assisted slaves escaping into free northern territories. A few African-American people are buried in the Miller Cemetery, although their markers have Anglicized names such as Fisher and Finkbinder. Early German Baptist family names in this cemetery are Bear, Hostetter, Leib, Lesher, Miller, Nickey, Rebert, Shatto, Strayer, Wilson, and Wolf. The first structure was comparatively small but could minister to as many as a hundred persons. In 1954, an addition of an entrance was made to the front with a cornerstone, stating: Miller's Church of the Brethren 1855-1954.
The congregation continued to experience steady growth and required several separate Meeting Houses, including Baker's and Mohlers (1861). The latter was constructed on land given by Solomon Mohler to minister to members in the Allen Township region, and to provide a gathering site for all-day Love Feasts and Communions. In 1907, the Lower Cumberland Congregation was one of eighteen churches of the Pennsylvania Southern District, but throughout the 20th Century, this congregation began to lose membership as spinoffs and new congregations were organized. The Carlisle church emerged between 1907 and 1914. In 1926, the Boiling Springs Church and the Mechanicsburg Church were formed. Disputes created by the organization of the Dunkard Brethren Church movement struck the Lower Cumberland with a still further loss of members. By 1930, the church was listed with 87 members. The local Dunkard Brethren constructed their own worship site in Mechanicsburg on ground donated by Jacob and Harriet Galley. Membership in the Lower Cumberland congregation continued to decline and listed 58 members by 1934. Except for intermittent periods of growth, the congregation continued to decline until there were only about 20 members in 1996.
Members of Lower Cumberland played a prominent role at both the District and Denominational levels. Levi Mohler was a well known evangelist for thirty-six years. Isaac Barto and Donald Hollinger appear in District affairs. Jacob Hershman was a minister who became active in the then Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Henry Kauffman Miller was one of the active leaders of the 1903 Committee that established the Brethren's Home at Huntsdale, Pennsylvania (now at New Oxford).
51 Le fait que certains au moins des CAQUELIN aient rejoint les Dunkards est l’hypothèse la plus probable. Cependant, je tiens à donner également les données qui iraient en un sens différent… données qui ne sont d’ailleurs peut-être pas incompatibles puisque, dans ces familles si foisonnantes, il était bien entendu possible que frères et sœurs fassent des choix différents; au point de vue religieux, nous avons des indices de proximité avec: 1) les Eglises classiques; 2) les anabaptistes; 3) les «Dunkards»
Indices de proximité avec les Eglises classique:
Nous observons une famille CAQUELIN qui laisse des traces à la FIRST EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH, CARLISLE, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA . sous les formes COCKLEY, COCKLIN, GACKLEY.
Ces indices de proximité ne sont pas des preuves: dans l’Amérique d’alors, peu équipée y compris en églises, on faisait baptiser les enfants où l’on pouvait
Indices de proximité avec les anabaptistes:
Jean Jacques CAQUELIN (Jacob GOCKLEY) épouse Mary STUCKEY, un nom typique de l’anabaptisme, ce qui ne prouve rien bien entendu, d’autant plus que le nom de Jacob GOCKLEY est également bien connu de l’Eglise «Dunkard» (voit plus loin). Cependant, nous trouvons encore d’autres indices d’anabaptisme à la génération suivante: David, un des fils de Jean-Jacques et de Mary, épouse Magdalena SCHIRK/SCHERCH, dont la mère est originaire du village bernois de Sumiswald, haut lieu de l’anabaptisme s’il en est bien sur, cette origine ne vaut pas preuve absolue
54 source : http://www.afrolumens.org/slavery/counties.html
Slaveholder Name: Brecht, David
City or Township: Bern Township
County: Berks County
55 source: généanet; base de Myra CAQUELIN
58 source: Beer's History of Darke County Ohio, published 1880. pp.444-448; lisible en ligne à cette adresse: http://php.ucs.indiana.edu/~jetorres/liberty.html
60 Nous préférons renvoyer à l’excellent dossier composé par leur descendante américaine Patricia SNYDER, dossier que nous avons donné au Cercle généalogique d’Alsace et au Centre d’entraide généalogique de France, 3 rue de Turbigo 75003 Paris (nous lui avons donné pour titre: QUELQUES DESCENDANTS AMERICAINS DE BENOIT SCHLASTER/SCHLECHT/SCHLECHTY, CENSIER A SALM, 67)
62 «From a traveller we learned today [November 24, 1799 - sbt] that there were several wagons from our neighborhood in Wachovia not very far off. We wished to spend the night with them, but the rain which began soon after noon and became more violent toward evening compelled us to think of a lodging place for the night...
Toward morning, on the 25th [of November - sbt], the wind turned toward N. W., and it became clear and cold. Now the wolves began to howl fearfully, but several rifle-shots at some distance soon silenced them. Soon after we had started on our way we saw the tracks of the wolves nearly up to the place where our neighbors had spent the night and where the wolves had been frightened away by the rifle shots. This place, a well known camping spot, is called The Flat Rock, from a great rock shelf that here juts out into the open. Within several miles we overtook our Wachovia neighbors, John Binkley and his sons with their families, who were moving to the Cumberland Settlements. The joy at meeting one another in the wilderness was mutual. Yesterday evening they had shot three bears, of which they had the meat in the wagons...
In the evening [of December 2 - sbt] John Binkley, from the neighborhood of Wachovia congregations, arrived here. He was told by his friends that he was very welcome, but that we were more welcome because we brought the good news with us.»
64 «The account was recorded in Linn's Annals of Buffalo Valley 1755-1855»
65 « 1802 Ross Co, OH. Christian was listed as arriving this year in the 5th roster of Pioneers of First Families of Ohio. All of his children, with the exception of Christian, Jr, accompanied him.
He built a grist mill on the Kinnikinnick Creek on the northwest corner of section 21, 7 miles from Chilicothe, with the help of locals who had grown weary of traveling 70 miles to a mill. There is a story that he went to Wheeling, WV, and by killing and selling deer he made the money with which to buy nails, glass, and iron for the mill, which he transported back to OH on pack horses. He first obtained a lease of the 600 acres of land on which the mill was situated, and later received the deed for at least 400 acres of it where he lived until his death. »
66 Le lien entre Adam Peter Noel et le Joseph Noel de la Princess Augusta n’est pas entièrement documenté dans le détail, mais il est prouvé d’ores et déjà de façon très claire par l’étude ADN en cours de réalisation par l’actuelle famille Noel.
67 Neil Ann Stckey Levine et Joe Springer; At last… that elusive 1819 ship «list» surfaces; paru en anglais dans Mennonite Family History de juillet 2004; peut être lu à la bibliothèque du Cercle généalogique d’Alsace.
68 Extrait de la Canadian Mennonite encyclopedia online:
«John Augsburger (1783-18??) and wife were in the first party of Mennonite emigrants who left the Jura in the 19th century, leaving in 1817 to settle in northern Pennsylvania for 12 years before moving on to Wayne Co., Ohio, and later to Adams Co., Ind.
John Augsburger (1801-67) and wife left the Jura in 1834, settled in Wayne Co., Ohio, for 16 years and then moved to near Bluffton, Ohio, where most of their descendants live.
Christian Augspurger (1782-1848) and his family came to North America in 1817 from near Strasbourg, Alsace, but being discouraged returned to their native land the following year. In 1819 they again came to America with other Amish Mennonites and founded a settlement in Butler Co., Ohio. The above Christian Augspurger received from Napoleon the Legion of Honor medal as an expert farmer.»
69 «A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County Ohio, with Illustrations and Sketches of its Representative Men and Pioneers», Cincinnati Ohio. Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882; : lisible en ligne
70 Voici encore quelques données relatives à la famille AUGSBURGER et aux familles GERBER et GINGRICH, qui lui sont étroitement alliées:
Extraits de la Canadian Mennonite Encyclopedia online
A Mennonite family name, Augsburger has some origins in Langnau in the Emmental, canton of Bern, Switzerland. Most likely, however, the name was originally founded in Augsburg Germany during the 15th century.
Niggli (Nicholas) Augsburger is mentioned in a letter of 1700 as being a co-worker with Jakob Ammann, founder of the Amish Mennonites.
Members of the Augsburger family were found in the Montbéliard Amish community as early as 1715 and near Corgémont in the Bishopric of Basel in 1720. John Augsburger (1783-18??) and wife were in the first party of Mennonite emigrants who left the Jura in the 19th century, leaving in 1817 to settle in northern Pennsylvania for 12 years before moving on to Wayne Co., Ohio, and later to Adams Co., Ind.
John Augsburger (1801-67) and wife left the Jura in 1834, settled in Wayne Co., Ohio, for 16 years and then moved to near Bluffton, Ohio, where most of their descendants live.
Christian Augspurger (1782-1848) and his family came to North America in 1817 from near Strasbourg, Alsace, but being discouraged returned to their native land the following year. In 1819 they again came to America with other Amish Mennonites and founded a settlement in Butler Co., Ohio. The above Christian Augspurger received from Napoleon the Legion of Honor medal as an expert farmer.
Gerber is a Mennonite family name which originated near Langnau, canton of Bern, Switzerland. The name denotes the occupation of tanner, and there are two very old tanning establishments in Langnau. The Langnau Gerber family is one of the most numerous in the canton of Bern.
Members of the Gerber family who were Mennonites left the Emmental for the Jura as early as the middle of the 16th century. This family figured in all of the Swiss Mennonite migrations and especially in the one directed to Wayne County, Ohio in 1817 and the years following. Some of the leading Mennonite farmers and preachers of the Jura have been Gerbers.
Wälti Gerber of Röthenbach was one of the earliest and most prominent Anabaptist ministers in the Emmental, taking part in the disputation in Bern in March 1538. He preached fearlessly, although forbidden to do so by the state, and baptized many. He was imprisoned at Burgdorf, escaped, but was captured and executed in Bern on 30 July 1566.
In July 1711, when a large number of Bernese Mennonites were expelled to the Netherlands, there were a number of Gerbers among them. Hans Gerber, a preacher of the Reist congregation in the Emmental, refused to go; he was arrested and sentenced to the galleys. Peter Gerber of Langnau left the ship at Breisach, Germany, returned to Switzerland, was arrested there and chained; apparently he was also sent to the galleys. One of the Swiss Mennonites who came to the Netherlands was Claas (Nicolaas) Gerber, who served the "Nieuwe Zwitsers" as preacher from 1739-61.
The name has been represented in the ministry in the Jura and Emmental from early times. Michael Gerber, a deacon living in the Jura, immigrated to Wayne County, Ohio, in 1822 and became the ancestor of most of the Gerbers in that area. Christen Gerber from Giebel near Langnau, ordained to the ministry in 1821, became influenced by the preaching of Samuel Fröhlich and helped lead half of the Emmental congregation to form the first congregation of Neutäufer (later known as the Apostolic Christian Church).
About 1735 three Mennonite Gerbers came to North America from Switzerland and settled in Lancaster Co., PA and in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, where the name was changed to Garber. In York Co., PA the Garber Church was erected in 1814. In Virginia many members of this family have united with the Church of the Brethren.
The name Gerber was common among the Amish of Alsace during the 18th and 19th centuries. Their descendants (some of whom use the form Garber) have been found in Ontario, Indiana, Ohio, Kansas, Illinois and Missouri.
As of 1954, there were seven Mennonite ministers in Switzerland with the name Gerber and the president of the Swiss Mennonite conference was Elder Samuel Gerber.
Seven brothers named Gerber who lived at Les Joux near Les Genevez in the Bernese Jura became outstanding farmers and leaders in their community from 1870 to 1930. Their story and their pictures were published in several Swiss agricultural periodicals at the beginning of the century.
Gingerich is a Mennonite family name of Swiss Bernese origin. The name Gündrich, which likely became Güngerich, is found in the Bern records as early as 1389. It appears that the family originated in the county of Konolfingen, canton of Bern. By 1559 the name was spelled Günderich but did not yet appear in Anabaptist lists. In 1692 the Anabaptist preacher (Lehrer) Christian Güngerich escaped from the prison in Schwarzenegg, where he had been imprisoned because of his religion. In 1709 the records of the Palatinate indicate that Barbara Güngerich Tschantz had been involved in Anabaptism. The name is again found in the Palatinate Mennonite census lists of 1744, and appears rather frequently in the l8th century. Hans Güngerich is mentioned around 1711 as one of the Amish leaders seeking reconciliation with the Mennonites. In 1765 Christian Güngerich was mentioned as a leader among the Amish in Waldeck and a year later Preacher Christen Güngerich of Steinseltz near Weissenburg (Wissembourg) in Alsace was among the church leaders visiting the Amish in the Netherlands. At Huninghausen in Waldeck the "Schweitzer Christian Güngerig" rented a dairy farm in 1743. In 1792 the lease to this farm was passed on from Christian to Peter Güngerich, who was the ancestor of many of the Iowa Mennonites bearing this family name. A letter of 1781 mentions a Hans Güngerich who had been serving as preacher in the Weissenburg congregation for more than 50 years. In the 1940 Mennonite census lists of Germany, the name Güngerich appears both in south and east Germany. Paul Güngerich of Remscheid, Germany gathered Gingerich family records for many years, but unfortunately these were destroyed during World War II. Josef Gingerich (d. 1953) was the last president of the Königsberg, East Prussia, Mennonite Church.
The first mention of the family in North America is found in the Conestoga Twp., Lancaster Co., PA assessment list of 1724, where the name William Gingerick appears. Johann Gingerich appears in the Warwick Township list eleven years later. Michael Gingerich from Alsace migrated to Lancaster Co., PA in 1747. His son Abraham with his wife and ten children moved to Waterloo Co., ON in 1801. Numerous descendants of this Abraham are numbered among the Ontario Mennonites. The Gingerichs of Dauphin and Juniata counties, PA are very likely descendants of Gingerich immigrants who settled in Lebanon Valley before or in 1747.
In 1831 Johannes Jüngerich and family and his brother Daniel were given a letter of recommendation by a Hesse state official, who wished them happiness in North America. This Johannes is the ancestor of Amish Gingerich descendants in Daviess Co., IN and in the Arthur, IL Amish community. Jacob Güngerich, born near Kassel, Germany, came to North America in 1833 and settled in Holmes Co., Ohio. Numerous Amish descendants of Jacob live in Ohio, Illinois and other states. About the same time Amish Gingerichs settled in Waterloo Co., ON, and their descendants include Bishop Orland Gingerich of the Steinmann Church.
In 1833 Daniel P. Güngerich of Waldeck immigrated to North America. He was the father of Samuel D. Guengerich. Two years later Daniel's half brother, Amish preacher Johannes P. Güngerich, son of the Peter of Waldeck mentioned above, arrived in Pennsylvania with his family. Both Daniel and Johannes finally settled in Iowa. Johannes is the ancestor of Simon Gingerich, who was Mennonite bishop of Wayland, Iowa, as well as of a considerable number of other Mennonite ministers and church leaders, which have included Bishop Fred Gingerich of Canby, OR; Preacher J.C. Gingerich of Dagmar, MT; Preacher Amos Gingerich of Parnell, Iowa; and Professor Melvin Gingerich of Goshen College.
Among the representative church leaders have been Michael Gingrich (1792-1862), a Mennonite bishop in Lebanon Co., PA; his nephew Isaac (1822-1892), also a bishop in Lebanon Co.; Abraham B. Gingerich (1856-1938), Mennonite bishop in Ontario; Jacob Gingerich (1840-1920), Mennonite minister in Ontario; John Gingrich (?-1845), Mennonite bishop who immigrated to Illinois in 1839; Christian Gingerich (1820-1908), bishop of the South Danvers Mennonite Church; his son John Gingerich (1856-1931), bishop of the Danvers Church; and S.D. Guengerich (1836-1929), lay leader in the Amish Church.
The Gingerich family is widely scattered in North America and evidently descended from a considerable number of immigrants who were not closely related to each other. Twenty-nine obituaries in Mennonite periodicals between 1866 and 1915 show that persons with this family name lived in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Ontario, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Nebraska. In 1954, 46 ordained Gingerichs were serving in the Amish and Mennonite churches of North America.
71 Ascendance de Louis-Jean DEPPEN: 1 Louis-Jean DEPPEN o 5-2-1790 Rothau; 2 DEPPEN Nicolas (c’est le frère de Jean DEPP, premier époux de Sara CLAUDE, qui s’est remariée avec Jean-Michel WIEDEMANN) x 3 le 23-11-1779 à Neuviller; 3 GROSHENS Claudine; 4 DEPPEN Christian, x Marie-Elisabeth HOLWECK (c’est la mère de Jean DEPP, premier époux de Sara CLAUDE, qui s’est remariée avec Jean-Michel WIEDEMANN) le 13-5-1721 à Rothau; xx 5 le 30-8-1735 à Rothau; xxx NAFFZINGUER Anne-Barbe le 1-7-1751 à Rothau; 5 VERLY Véronique; 6 GROSHENS Jean- Michel x 7 le 16-4-1744 à Rothau; 7 VONIER Sophie; 8 DEPP Joseph, x 9 le 14 mai 1694 à Ruggisberg, (près de Steffisburg), canton de Berne, Suisse; 9 SCHLECHT Christine; 10 VERLY Jean x NEUVILLER Marguerite le ?-?-1691 (note: le couple Jean VERLY/Marguerite NEUVILLER a toute une brochette d’enfants sur la Princess Augusta; ces enfants sont donc des demi-frères et demi-sœurs de Véronique VERLY épouse GROSHENS), xx 11 le 24 7 1708 à Belmont; 11 HASCHELMANN Elisabeth; 12 GROSHENS Jean x 13 le 13-6-1707 à Neuviller, xx Marie MARCHAL le 11-10-1768 à Belmont; 13 Claudine GEORGES; 14 VONIE Nicolas x 15 le 19-7-1712 à Rothau; 15 HOLWECK Marie Catherine; 16 DEPP Benedict, de la cense de Salm (hypothèse vraisemblable); 17 Anne ROTH (hypothèse vraisemblable); 18?; 19?; 20 VERLY Pierre; 21 NIDEGGER Anne (nom typique du village de Guggisberg dans le canton de Berne); 22 HASCHELMANN Jean; 23 MICHEL Elisabeth; 24 GROSHENS Didier, x 25 le 22 5 1677 à Neuviller; 25 Elisabeth GRANDMATHIS; 26 GEORGE Sébastien; 27 MARCHAL Catherine Marguerite; 28 VONIE Christian x 29 le 11-10-1670 à Rothau; 29 MARMET Sara; 30 HOLWECK Jean Michel x 31 le 7-6-1689 à Waldersbach; 31 GUNTHER Anne Marguerite; originaire de Barr; 48 GROSHENS Michel; 49 CHRISTMANN Marie
1) Michel GROSHENS et Marie CHRISTMANN sont les arrière grands parents d’Anne-Marguerite GROSHENS, épouse de Jean-Georges WIDEMANN;
2) cette Marie CHRISTMANN n° 49 n’a en principe rien à voir avec Jacob CHRISTMANN, voyageur de la Princess Augusta; en effet, la lignée de «CHRISTMANN» qui voyage sur la Princess Augusta ne porte ce nom que depuis peu; il s’agissait en réalité d’une famille COLAS qui est devenue CHRISTMANN au cours du 17 ème siècle en raison de la variabilité des noms de famille qui n’avait pas encore totalement disparu au ban de la Roche à cette époque)
52 GEORGE Hainsel; 53 NN Catherine; 56 VONIE Noé; 57 NN Catherine; 58 MARMET Nicolas; x 59 le ?-?-1643; 59 FASSMANN Esther; 60 HOLWECK Michel; 61 MARCHAL Catherine; 62 GUNTHER Martin; 63 GOERGER Marie; 116 MARMET Claude; 117 GRIMMOLD Sara;
Note: les noms de personnes et de lieux soulignés ont à voir avec l’aventure de la Princess Augusta.
72 Epuisé; non disponible sur informatique; consultable aux archives du monde du travail à Roubaix; aux archives départementales de la Cote d'Or à Dijon; aux archives départementales du Bas Rhin à Strasbourg; au centre départemental d'histoire des familles, 5 place Saint Leger 68 500 Guebwiller; à la Bibliothèque municipale de Brazey en Plaine (21); à la Bibliothèque généalogique (3 rue de Turbigo, Paris); à la bibliothèque du Musée Oberlin à Waldersbach (67); à la Family History Library des Mormons; à la Bibliothèque nationale du Luxembourg; à la Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire de Strasbourg; et dans de nombreuses autres bibliothèques.
73 merci à Jean-Claude LAUER; les fautes de frappe, s’il y en a, sont mon oeuvre
74 les renseignements qui suivent sont dus à Robert LUTZ (qui tient à préciser qu’il s’agit de renseignements de seconde main à vérifier), ainsi qu’à JC Lauer; qu’ils en soient remerciés; les fautes de frappe, s’il y en a, son mon œuvre; voir bulletin du Cercle Généalogique d’Alsace n°150 p 418
75 Il y a quand même "Cinquième de Campagne", de Marcel E. Grancher; Cinquième de campagne; éditions Grancher; dépôt légal 2003; ISBN 2-7339-08-48 0 qui apporte une documentation complémentaire qui confirme celle obtenue de la bouche de Henri.
76 sur les branches dont est issue Marthe ROUX, je renvoie à mon ouvrage Graines de Corsaire; il a connu deux «éditions», dont une «édition augmentée» reconnaissable à la présence de feuilles intérieures bleues; je l’ai donné à diverses bibliothèques, dont les archives départementales des Hautes Alpes, département d’origine du père de Marthe
77 Pour voir les photos de quelques descendants: voir le numéro 205 du journal l’Essor; adresse: Essor-ACCS, BP 50032; 67131 Schirmeck Cedex, France)
78 source: fichier des Mormons, «submission» de Don L Griffith
79 Un grande merci à Liliane Hass pour ce message:
« bonsoir Monique,
il n'y a pas de registre avant 1685 à Hoenheim, HESS Barbara est née le 19/03/1671 à Dorlisheim , décède le 26/01/1734 à Dorlisheim, ses parents sont: Johann Rebmann, né vers 1625 et + le 8/10/1692, x le 28/11/1665, avec KUNTZ Anna née le 11/08/1642, + le 11/01/1700 à Dorlisheim;
GP: HESS Daniel
GP: KUNTZ Johann ° le 14/02/1617 "date calculée" + le 14/09/1689, x NN
Barbara ° vers 1616, + le 24/12/1674 à Dorlisheim »
il manque un registre N M D de 1606 à 1640 à Dorlisheim
Liliane HAAS Dorlisheim membre cga
80 Pris sur le site http://www.horseshoe.cc
Extrait de Pennsylvania Dutch folklore, par Elmer L Smith, Applied arts publishers, Lenbanon, Pennsylvania, 1960
Pour aller plus loin:
L’épidémie de peste de 1519-1520 vue au travers de la correspondance de Beatus Rhenanus, par Robert WALTER; peut être lu sur le site des Amis de la Bibliothèque humaniste de Sélestat, dont l’adresse est: http://www.semantic.fr/bibhum/index.html
Site de Pierre Juillot : http://juillot.home.cern.ch/juillot/
Marc Brignon, L’esprit des Pays du Donon, éditions Les Petites Vagues
Claude Seignolles, Contes et Légendes du Pays de France, collection Bouquins
François Monique-Marie: Généalogie des habitants du Ban de la Roche et de leurs légendes; «livre virtuel» pouvant être lu au Centre Départemental d’histoire des familles de Guebviller (Haut Rhin); à la bibliothèque du Centre d’entraide généalogique de France, 3 rue de Turbigo, Paris; ou en ligne: http://badonpierre.free.fr/salmpierre/mfrancois.html
François Monique-Marie: Magique Pays de Salm: mêmes canaux de diffusion que ci-dessus